Application fields

Needling and structuring

On needling machines with up to 12,000 needles per meter of working width and up to 3,000 strokes per minute, products for almost all areas of application are manufactured in the nonwovens industry. Nonwovens made in such a way are used in very different areas: in medicine, aircraft and automobiles, in geofabrics, filtration and home textiles, and felts for paper production machinery.

This wide variety of applications requires appropriately specialized tools. Groz-Beckert's range of felting and structuring needles encompasses about 2,000 different needles. Needles with specific features and "talents" are called for, depending on the material used and the requirements made on production processes and end products.


The spectrum of applications which emerge from the spunlace process range from medical and hygiene products and decorative nonwovens to the interior trim of automobiles.

Technical products such as filters and geofabrics are manufactured with hydroentanglement, as are protective, sport and multifunctional clothing and synthetic leather.

Automotive – visible areas

Only about 10% of the nonwovens used in automobiles are in visible areas.

Automotive – non-visible areas

About 90% of the nonwovens in automobiles operate in the background. The wheel-arch liner, for instance, was one of the first nonwoven products for automobile exteriors.

Artificial leather

A distinction is made between uncoated and polyurethane-coated synthetic leather, where needle punched nonwovens act as base material.


These include structured and unstructured floor and wall coverings, carpet double-backing, blankets, decorative felts and also cleaning wipes.


Needled felts filter liquids, trap solids and clean the air of contaminants. A distinction is made between surface filtration and deep-bed filtration.

Geotextiles – general

Geotextiles protect, separate, reinforce, filter, drain and help save natural resources and landfill capacities.

Geotextiles – lining material

Lining material involves a sandwich design for which clay is strewn onto a separately pre-needled individual layer.


In structural engineering organic or inorganic fiber, such as glass or basalt, is needled into nonwovens.

Ceramic-fiber mats

Ceramic-fiber is highly abrasive fiber made, for example, in a process in which granulated material is melted with a tungsten electrode.

Paper-machine felts

Paper-machine felts are used in paper and tissue machines for the manufacture of all paper types.


Nonwovens are usually found in masked areas of the lining where they perform different tasks.

Waste-fiber products

This involves fiber stemming from old clothes collection and scraps from spinning mills, warp-knitting mills, weaving mills and knitting mills.

Carbon-fiber products

Fibers from carbon offer very good prerequisites for the manufacture of composite materials and possess the required heat- and wear-resistance.


Needled nonwovens include personal hygiene and cleaning products, wound-treatment and hospital products.

Special applications

In addition to the applications already mentioned, there are many niches in which needled nonwovens provide the solution.


The market for wipes is currently the largest area of application for hydroentangled nonwovens. The segment cleaning cloths is trending toward flushable wipes.


In medicine nonwovens are applied in products such as scrubs, wound coverings and bandages.

Artificial leather

High quality imitation suede leather is made of microfiber nonwovens. The microfibers are spun out as segmented pie, multi-layer or island-in-the-sea fibers and made into a fiber mat.


Hydroentangled nonwovens are used as inserts in the clothing industry. They improve strength of shape and reinforce exterior materials.


Hydroentangled nonwovens improve filtration since the filter media thus made is endowed with a uniform, tightly woven structure with very regular and fine pores.

Special applications

An example of the versatility for special applications is the use of hydroentangled nonwovens as battery separators.

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