Shoemaking

Shoes have been with us for thousands of years. Whether moccasin or sport shoe, boot or sandal, safety shoe or elegant men's low shoe – good wearing characteristics, durability and sharp looks top the list in footwear.

Sewing and shoe machine needles from Groz-Beckert help make shoes to precisely fulfill these requirements. Not just fancy seams come out perfect, but also welt seams on welted shoes deliver on what they promise.

Overview of the sector

Thousands of years ago, the first shoes served merely to protect the feet. These days shoes are a durable good, cultural good and fashion object, while at the same time a status symbol.

Due to the labor-intensive production of shoes, their manufacture had already been transferred to countries such as Portugal and countries in the north of Africa by the end of the 1960s. Now the focus of global shoe production is in the Far East (especially China, Vietnam and Indonesia).

Changes to shoe lasting and the use of new sole materials such as thermoplastic rubber and polyurethane have also changed manufacturing techniques. These days the soles of most shoes are no longer sewn on, but either glued on or bonded directly to the shoe shaft with sole injection machines.

Ever since shoes became an industrial mass product, brand manufacturers have sought to ensure their positions with specialization and with design and creativity. They position themselves in the premium segment or in specific niches.

Groz-Beckert supplies a comprehensive range of sewing-machine needles for stitching the shaft, as well as needles and awls for working with the soles.

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Shoemaking

During pre-industrial times, cobblers made shoes entirely by hand. Even today, in times of industrial mass production, much manual work is required.

Sewing applications and lasting

Shoe manufacturing distinguishes between different types of lasting. Different sewing applications are necessary depending on production type.

Needles and awls

Groz-Beckert supplies about 150 different needles and awls for the manufacture of shoe bottoms and soles.

Cutting points

Common sewing machine needles, usually lockstitch needles, are used for stitching the shafts of shoes. Leather shoes should use cutting points for this.

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